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Radiologic Technology Important in Diagnosing Malignant Disease

Various types of radiologic scans are important components for diagnosing primary and recurrent malignant disease. These include computed tomography (CT) scans, computed axial tomography (CAT) scans, positron emission tomography (PET) scans and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Another type of beneficial radiologic technology is the ultrasound. “For gynecological cancer of the ovaries, cervix and uterus, the … Continue reading

Malignant Disease

In this issue of KentuckyDoc, we feature articles from our panel of experts on malignant disease. There are more than 100 different forms of cancer. Each of these malignancies starts when cells in a part of the body begin to grow in an “out of control” manner. Normal cells mature and die, but cancer cells … Continue reading

Barrett’s Esophagus Not Automatic Precursor to Cancer

Barrett’s esophagus was named after Norman Barrett, who described the condition in 1950. “Barrett’s esophagus is a change in the normal tissue in the esophagus,” said Dr. Lisbeth Selby, a gastroenterologist at the University of Kentucky Hospital. “The tissue it changes into is precancerous.” “Barrett’s esophagus is a condition where the normal epithelium that lines … Continue reading

A Weekend Getaway in Roanoke

Roanoke, Va., is known as the Star City of the South. The nickname comes from the star perched on top of Mill Mountain. Erected in 1949 as a Christmas ornament, this massive structure – the world’s largest freestanding illuminated manmade star – weighs 10,000 pounds and is 88.5 feet high – probably the reason they … Continue reading

Harald zur Hausen: Pioneer in understanding the causes of cervical cancer

Throughout medical history, conventional medical wisdom held that viruses were not the cause of cancer. During the 1980s, most scientists and researchers believed the human papilloma virus (HPV) was the cause of only genital warts. It was a German virologist, Harald zur Hausen, whose research in HPV pegged the virus as the cause of most … Continue reading

Breast Imaging Goal is to Detect Cancer at Early Stage

Breast imaging is an important part of the work of Dr. Margie Brown, Dr. Marta Kenney and Dr. Kimberly Stigers, who work at the Saint Joseph Breast Center. “The goal of a breast imager is to diagnose breast cancer when it can be treated successfully, ideally at an early stage,” said Dr. Brown. “Although anecdotal … Continue reading

Anti-estrogens important in preventing, treating breast cancer

Anti-estrogens such as femara and tamoxifen, often prescribed for breast cancer, are substances that block the production of estrogens – the hormones that promote, develop and maintain female sex characteristics – or inhibit their effects. These drugs are “estrogen-receptor modulators” that block the binding of estrogen to estrogen binding sites. They are often used as … Continue reading

Choosing the Appropriate Candidate for Conservative Breast Surgery for Malignant Disease

Many people believe conservative breast surgery (lumpectomy) carries a high risk of cancer recurrence, and full removal of the breast by mastectomy is the only safe choice. This is a misconception Dr. Patrick McGrath, Chief of General Surgery and Surgical Oncology at the University of Kentucky Hospital, is happy to put to rest. In fact, … Continue reading

Counseling Center Helps Identify Genetic Links to Cancer

Breast cancer is likely to occur in 12 percent of U.S. women, making it the most common cancer among female patients. As many as 10 percent of these cases result from a specific gene, thereby making early detection the key to avoidance. Since its founding in 2004, the staff at the Genetic Counseling Center at … Continue reading

Breast MRI: An Overview

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the breast has been around since the 1980s but has only become more widely utilized in the past few years. This is predominantly due to the development of more standardized protocols for breast MRI, advances in equipment and image quality and increased experience of interpreting radiologists. The ability to produce … Continue reading